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高考英语典型陷阱题精选精析
文章作者:tianjxt    文章来源:高考英语网    点击数:   更新时间:2008-08-07
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高考英语典型陷阱题精选精析

 

1. Just because they make more money than I do, _________ they seem to look down on me.

A. so                        B. and                        C. but                        D. 不填

【分析】此题正确答案为D,但容易误选A,将汉语的因为……所以……”直译为 because … so …,但是按英语语法,because 为从属连词,用以引导原因状语从句,它表明整个句子为复合句;而 so 在表示所以时,它是并列连词,用以连接两个简单句使之成为并列句。由于在同一句中既用了从属连词 because,又用了并列连词 so,使得该句一半像复合句,一半像并列句,从而导致错误。正确的做法是,任意去掉 because so 中的一个,使之要么成为复合句,要么成为并列句。

 

2. If I’m mistaken, _________ you are mistaken too.

A. so                        B. and                        C. or                        D. 不填

空格前 if 引导的是一个条件状语从句,它暗示整个句子为复合句;而so, and, or 为并列连词,无论选哪一个,都表明整个句子为并列句,从而导致前后矛盾,所以ABC均不能选择。此题正确答案选Dyou are mistaken too 为主句。又如:

(1) If wishes were horses, _________ beggars would ride.

A. and                        B. so                        C. or                        D. 不填

(2) When the last prize had been awarded _________ everybody cleared off.

A. and                        B. so                        C. or                        D. 不填

(3) Just before I left London, _________ I sent him a telegram.

A. and                        B. so                        C. or                        D. 不填

(4) After they had each said a few words, _________ Lloyd George took the floor.

A. and                        B. so                        C. or                        D. 不填

答案均选D,空格前分别为 if, when, before, after 引导的状语从句,空格后为句子主句。

 

3. Finding her car stolen, _________.

A. a policeman was asked to help

B. the area was searched thoroughly

C. it was looked for everywhere

D. she hurried to a policeman for help

【分析】此题最佳答案选D,因为句首用作状语的现在分词短语finding her car stolen 的逻辑主语应是,而不是 a policeman, the area, it 等,按照英语语法,在通常情况下,非谓语动词用作状语时,它的逻辑主语应与句子主语保持一致,所以最佳答案为D。请再看类例:

(1) To master a foreign language, _________.

A. the school needs a foreign teacher

B. a good teacher is needed

C. a lot of practice is needed

D. one must have a lot of practice

【分析】此题答案选D,因为 to master a foreign language 的逻辑主语应是 one,而不是其他(www.nmet168.com)

(2) _________ many times, he still didn’t understand it.

A. Having been told                        B. Though to be told

C. Having told                                D. He was told

【分析】此题答案选A,因为根据句意,he tell 应是被动关系;另外,从时间上看,应该是被告诉在先,没有理解在后,故要用 having been told 这一现在分词的完成被动式。注意不能选D,因为 He was told he still didn’t understand it 这两个简单句之间缺乏必要的衔接关系(参见下一题)

 

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