|文章作者：admin 文章来源：高考英语网 点击数： 更新时间：2008-11-09||
The Nobel Peace Prize for 2006 was awarded to economist Muhammad Yunus and his Bangladeshi microfinance organization, the Grameen Bank. The bank lends small amounts of money to poor people, especially women, who are unable to get traditional loans(贷款).
The Grameen Bank, however, does not need any guarantee(担保) when a borrower asks for a loan. A person’s promise to repay the loan is all that is needed. No one is refused for a loan. This trust has resulted in a near perfect loan repayment rate during the bank’s thirty-year history.
The idea of micro-financing for the poor has spread to other countries. In the United States, for example, small loan programs are serving poor Native Americans living on protected land. Farming communities and poor city areas have also seen a rise in micro-financing organizations. The Seattle Non-profit Group (SNG) is one example. This group provides small loans to single mothers, refugees and former criminals.
Today, the Grameen Bank has about six million borrowers in seventy thousand villages throughout Bangladesh. Ninety-seven percent of the loans go to poor women. An average loan equals less than one hundred dollars. The bank expects to provide more than eight hundred million dollars in loans this year.
Worldwide, the Grameen Foundation has established relationships with fifty-two partners in twenty-two countries. Millions of people have received assistance.
Mr Yunus says he believes credit(信誉) should be considered a human right. He says money is power. The economist believes poverty would end if the world could create a system of credit for poor people.
Title: Muhammad Yunus and 1. ______________
1. his Grameen Bank
5. In Bangladesh
6. to poor women
7. In U.S. / In America
9. Muhammad’s hope
10. creating a system
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