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115套高考英语单项填空分类详解(1995-2009)·非谓语动词
文章作者:admin    文章来源:高考英语网    点击数:   更新时间:2010-01-10
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【115套高考英语单项填空分类详解(1995-2009)·非谓语动词

 

包括1995-2003年全国卷及上海卷

包括2004年15套全国卷及省市卷

包括2005年16套全国卷及省市卷

包括2006年17套全国卷及省市卷

包括2007年17套全国卷及省市卷

包括2008年19套全国卷及省市卷

包括2009年18套全国卷及省市卷

 

(限于篇幅,本文只是部分内容,完整内容请到本站“下载中心”(www.nmet168.com/Article/xiazai/Index.html)下载。

 

001210 (略)

……

211. Ladies and gentlemen, please remain ________ until the plane has come to a complete stop. (2009四川卷)

A. seated                                          B. seating

C. to seat                                          D. seat

212. At the age of 29, Dave was a worker, ________ in a small apartment near Boston and ________ what to do about his future. (2009湖南卷)

A. living; wondering                          B. lived; wondering

C. lived; wondered                            D. living; wondered

213. When we visited my old family home, memory came ________ back. (2009辽宁卷)

A. flooding                                       B. to flood

C. flood                                           D. flooded

214. Now that we’ve discussed our problem, are people happy with the decisions ________? (2009全国I)

A. taking                                          B. take

C. taken                                           D. to take

215. For breakfast he only drinks juice from fresh fruit ________ on his own farm. (2009北京卷)

A. grown                                         B. being grown

C. to be grown                                 D. to grow

216. ________ twice, the postman refused to deliver our letters unless we chained our dog. (2009北京卷)

A. Being bitten                                  B. Bitten

C. Having bitten                                D. To be bitten 

217. ________ and short of breath, Andy and Ruby were the first to reach the top of Mount Tai. (2009浙江卷)

A. To be tried                                   B. Tired

C. Tiring                                          D. Being tired

218. Michael’s new house is like a huge palace, ________ with his old one. (2009重庆卷)

A. comparing                                    B. compares

C. to compare                                   D. compared

219. With the government’s aid, those ________ by the earthquake have moved to the new settlements. (2009上海卷)

A. affect                                          B. affecting

C. affected                                       D. were affected

220. ________ not to miss the flight at 15:20, the manager set out for the airport in a hurry. (2009福建卷)

A. Reminding                                    B. Reminded

C. To remind                                    D. Having reminded

221. ________ the right kind of training, these teenage soccer players may one day grow the international stars. (2009江西卷)

A. Giving                                          B. Having given

C. To give                                        D. Given

222. ________ by the advances in technology, many farmers have set up wind farms on their land. (2009天津卷)

A. Being encouraged                          B. Encouraging

C. Encouraged                                  D. Having encouraged

223. Every evening after dinner, if not ________ from work, I will spend some time walking my dog. (2009湖南卷)

A. being tired                                    B. tiring

C. tired                                             D. to be tired

 

答案与详解

001—210  www.nmet168.com/Article/ShowArticle.asp?ArticleID=2613

……

211. Aseated在此用作形容词,remain seated意为“坐着不动”。又如:Please remain seated. 请不要站起来。注:这道题与2008年辽宁卷中的一道几乎一模一样:

Please remain ___B___; the winner of the prize will be announced soon. (2008辽宁卷)

A. seating                         B. seated

C. to seat                         D. to be seated

212. A。两空均填现在分词,用作定语修饰a worker。注意句中的并列连词and,用于连接两个相同的句子结构(即连接两个现在分词短语)。句意为:戴夫29岁时是一名工人,住在波士顿附近的一间小公寓,不知未来怎么办。

213. A。此题考查come后接现在分词的用法。come doing有两个主要用法:一是表示与go doing方向相反的动,二是表示“来”的方式。如:Why don’t you come ice-skating tonight? 今晚来溜冰好吗?  She came running into the room. 她跑进屋来。

214. C。由于名词decision与动词take之间为被动关系,所以只能选过去分词taken,其中taken用作定语,修饰名词decision。句意为:我们已经讨论了我们的问题,人们对作出的决定会满意吗?又如We couldn’t agree on any of the problems discussed. 我们未能就所讨论的任何问题达成协议。

215. A。由于名词fresh fruit与动词grow之间为被动关系,所以首先可排除选项D。而BC虽然可以表示被动,但与句意不吻合,因为being grown表示一个正在进行的被动动作,to be grown表示一个尚未发生的被动动作,均不合题意。

216. B。根据句意,句子主语the postman与动词bite之间为被动关系,所以首先可排除选项C;再根据句意(尤其是注意关键词twice)可知,表示正在进行选项A和表示将要发生的选项D均不合题意。全句意为:邮递员被狗咬了两次之后要我们把狗拴起来,不然就不给我们送信了。

217. B。首先要注意tiredtiring的意思有区别:前者表示“感到疲劳的”,后者表示“令人疲劳的”或“累人的”,根据句意,显然不宜用tiring,故可排除C;由于是与形容词短语short of breath相并列,所以应选形容词tired。句意为:虽然累得上气不接下气,但安迪和鲁比是最先到达泰山山项的。

218. Dcompared with为英语惯用表达,其意为“与……相比”。又如:Compared with many women, she was indeed very fortunate. 和许多女人相比,她的确算是很幸运的了。

219. C。根据句意和空格后的介词by短语可知,空格处应填一个表被动意义的选项;同时由于句子中已有谓语have moved,所以空格处不能再用谓语形式,而应用非谓语形式,故选C。过去分词短语affected by the earthquake在句中用作定语,修饰those,句意为:在政府的帮助下,那些受地震影响的人搬进了新家。

220. B。此题考查的是remind sb not to do sth(提醒某人不要做某事),因句子主语the managerremind之间为被动关系,所以remind要用过去分词,即选B。为便于理解,此题可改写为:As the manager was reminded not to miss the flight at 15:20, he set out for the airport in a hurry.

221. D。因动词give与句子主语these teenagesoccer players之间为被动关系,所以要和过去分词given。为便于理解,此题可改写为:If these teenage soccer players are given the right kind of training, they may one day grow the international stars.

222. C。根据句意和空格后的介词by短语可知,空格处应填一个表被动意义的选项,故可排除BD;而选项A为现在分词的被动式,除表示被动外还表示动作在进行,与句意不符,故也排除。

223. C。此题从四个选项来看是考查非谓语动词的用法,但本质上是考查省略结构,句中的if not tired from workif I’m not tired from work(如果我下班回来不是很累的话),其中的tired已转化为形容词。

 

 

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