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115套高考英语单项填空分类详解(1995-2009)·时态
文章作者:admin    文章来源:高考英语网    点击数:   更新时间:2010-01-10
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【115套高考英语单项填空分类详解(1995-2009)·时态

 

包括1995-2003年全国卷及上海卷

包括2004年15套全国卷及省市卷

包括2005年16套全国卷及省市卷

包括2006年17套全国卷及省市卷

包括2007年17套全国卷及省市卷

包括2008年19套全国卷及省市卷

包括2009年18套全国卷及省市卷

 

(限于篇幅,本文只是部分内容,完整内容请到本站“下载中心”(www.nmet168.com/Article/xiazai/Index.html)下载。

 

001 160 (略)

……

161. Edward, you play so well. But I ________ you played the piano. (2009全国I)

A. didn’t know                                              B. hadn’t known

C. don’t know                                               D. haven’t known

162. Scientists have many theories about how the universe ________ into being. (2009北京卷)

A. came                                                        B. was coming

C. had come                                                  D. would come

163. When I talked with my grandma on the phone, she sounded weak, but by the time we ________ up, her voice had been full of life. (2009北京卷)

A. were hanging                                            B. had hung

C. hung                                                         D. would hang  

164. I was out of town at the time, so I don’t know exactly how it ________. (2009山东卷)

A. was happening                                           B. happened

C. happens                                                     D. has happened

165. —What do you think of the movie?

It’s fantastic. The only pity is that I ________ the beginning. (2009浙江卷)

A. missed                                                      B. had missed

C. miss                                                          D. would miss

166. —I’ve got to go now.

Must you? I ________ you could stay for dinner with us. (2009重庆卷)

A. think                                                         B. thought

C. have thought                                              D. am thinking

167. When he ________ the door, he found his keys were nowhere. (2009湖南卷)

A. would open                                               B. opened

C. had opened                                                D. was to open

168. Daniel’s family________ their holiday in Huangshan this time next week. (2009安徽卷)

A. are enjoying                                               B. are to enjoy

C. will enjoy                                                   D. will be enjoying

169. Excuse me, Marcia, a reporter from Vanity Fair ________ all day. Could you speak to her now? (2009辽宁卷)

A. phones                                                       B. has phoned

C. has been phoning                                         D. phoned

170. Over the past decades, sea ice ________ in the Arctic as a result of global warming. (2009浙江卷)

A. had decreased                                             B. decreased

C. has been decreasing                                     D. is decreasing

171. —Ann is in hospital.

—Oh, really? I ________ know. I ________ go and visit her. (2009江苏卷)

A. didn’t; am going to                                      B. don’t; would

C. don’t; will                                                   D. didn’t; will

 

 答案与详解

001—160  www.nmet168.com/Article/ShowArticle.asp?ArticleID=2613

161. A。根据句意可知,说话者是“过去”不知道,现在已经知道了,因此句子用一般过去时。句意为:爱德华,你弹得太好了。但我之前不知道你会弹钢琴。又如:Hello! I didn’t know you were in London. How long have you been here? 你好! 我之前不知道你在伦敦。你在这里多久了?

162. A。根据常识可知,宇宙的形成是发生在过去,故用一般过去时。句意为:关于宇宙如何形成科学家们有很多推测。又如:When did the world come into being? 世界是何时开始存在的?

163. C。从逻辑上说,当我在电话里和奶奶聊天时,她的声音听起来很虚弱;但到我们要挂电话时,她的声音又充满朝气。从逻辑上说,应该是“奶奶的声音又充满朝气”在先,“我们挂断电话”在后,如果是反过来的话,那说话者就无法听知道“奶奶的声音又充满朝气”之回事了。所以“挂断电话”应用一般过去时。另外,由于by the time后接的定语从句通常要用一般现在时代替一般将来时,用一般过去时代替过去将来时,所以选项D不能选。

164. B。根据前面句中的一般过去时was可知,事情发生在过去,所以happen也宜用一般过去时。句意为:当时我不在镇上,所以我不是很清楚事情是怎么发生的。

165. A。根据问句的意思(你觉得这部电影如何)可知,答话者已看了这部电影,所以“错过电影的开头”应用一般过去时。

166. B。既然现在对方提出要走了,所以,以为对方要留下来吃晚饭的想法肯定就是过去想法,故用一般过去时。I thought…在这类句型中通常译为“我原以为……”“我还以为……”。又如:I thought you’d be like your sister, but you’re quite different. 我本以为你会像你姐姐,但是你们俩完全不一样。

167. Dbe to do sth可以表示计划或意图,根据后面一句的时态found,空格处应用一般was to do sth。句意为:他要开门时,发现钥匙不见了。又如:He was to say something more, and then checked himself. 他还想说几句的,却又止住了。这样的用法也可换成be about to do sth,如:I was about to go to bed when the telephone rang. 我正要睡觉,忽然电话响了。

168. D。根据句中的时间状语this time next week(下周的这个时候)可知,句子应用将来进行时。句意为:下周此时,丹尼尔一家应正在黄山度假。又如:What will you be doing this time next week? 下周这个时候你要做什么?

169. C。根据句中的时间状语all day和谓语动词phone的特点(为非延续性动词)可知,句子应用进行时态(表示动作不断重复),而选项中只有C为现在完成进行时。句意为:玛西娅,打搅你一下,有名来自《名利场》的记者一整天都在打电话来,你现在能和他说说吗?又如:She is very tired. She’s been typing letters all day. 她很累了。她整天都在打信件。

170. C。介词短语“over the past [last]+时间段”的意思是“在过去的……时间中”,它指的是从过去某时持续到现在的一段时间,所以通常与现在完成时或现在完成进行时连用,故答案选C。句意为:过去几十年来,由于全球变暖,北极的海冰正慢慢消融。又如:Technology in this field has matured considerably over the last decade. 这一领域的技术经过过去10年的发展已经相当完善。

171. D。根据句意,在此之前说话人不知道安住院了,因此第一空用一般过去时;说话人打算去看她,这个动作还没发生,因此第二空用一般将来时。注意be going towill表示将来的区别:表示临时的决定,要用begoing to,不用will

 

 

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