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人教必修1·第1单元·教材翻译及问题答案(P5)
文章作者:admin    文章来源:高考英语网    点击数:   更新时间:2010-09-05
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人教必修1·第1单元·教材翻译及问题答案(P5)

 

黑色英文字为教材原文 || 深红色汉字为教材翻译 || 绿色文字为相关问题的参考答案

 

 Discovering useful structures  找出有用的结构

 

 1  Look at these sentences. Can you find out the difference between direct speech and indirect speech?

1. “I don’t want to set down a series of facts in a diary,” said Anne. (Direct speech)

Anne said that she didn’t want to set down a series of facts in a diary. (Indirect speech)

2. “Does a friend always have to be a person?” the writer asks us. (Direct speech)

The writer asks us if a friend always has to be a person. (Indirect speech)

3. Anne’s sister asked her what she called her diary. (Indirect speech)

“What do you call your diary?” Anne’s sister asked her. (Direct speech)

4. Father asked Anne why she had gone to bed to late the night before. (Indirect speech)

“Why did you go to bed so late last night?” Father asked Anne. (Direct speech)

 1  看看下面的句子。你能找出直接引语与间接引语之间的区别吗?

1.“我不愿在日记中记流水账。”安妮说。(直接引语)

安妮说她不愿在日记中记流水账。(间接引语)

2.“朋友非得要是个人吗?”作者问我们。(直接引语)

作者问我们朋友是不是非得要是个人。(间接引语)

3. 安妮的妹妹问她她叫她的日记叫什么。(间接引语)

 “你叫你的日记叫什么?”安妮的妹妹问她。(直接引语)

4. 父亲问安妮她头一天晚上为什么很晚才上床睡觉。(间接引语)

 “你昨天晚上为什么很晚才上床睡觉?”父亲问安妮。(直接引语)

【参考答案】直接引语与间接引语的区别:

1. 直接引语有引号,间接引语没有引号;

2. 当直接引语的引述动词为过去时态时,直接引语变为间接引语时,其中的现在时态要变为相应的过去时态(如一般现在时变为一般过去时,一般过去时变为过去完成时,等等);

3. 句中的人称要根据具体的语境作出相应的调整(只要合情合理即可,没有固定的方法)。

4. 若直接引语为疑问句(含一般疑问句或特殊疑问句),变为间接引语时,要注意改用陈述句词序;反过来,若是由间接引语变为直接引语,则要考虑改为相应的疑问句词序(若间接引语中的宾语从句由疑问句引语或由if / whether引导的话)。

 

 2  Change the first four sentences from direct speech into indirect speech and the rest from indirect speech into direct speech.

1. “I don’t know the address of my new home,” said Anne.

2. “I’ve got tired of looking at nature through dirty curtains and dusty windows,” Anne said to he father.

3. “I need to pack up my things in the suitcase very quickly,” the girl said.

4. “Why did you choose your diary and old letters?” her father asked her.

5. Mother asked her if / whether she was very hot with so many clothes on.

6. Margot asked her what else she had hidden under her overcoat.

7. Anne asked her father when they would go back home.

8. Father asked Anne why she had talked so much to that boy.

 2  把前面四个句子由直接引语变为间接引语,其他的则由间接引语变为直接引语。

1.“我不知道我的新家的地址,”安妮说。

2.“我已经厌倦了透过那满是灰尘的窗帘下那脏兮兮的窗户看大自然,”安妮对她父亲说。

3.“我需要快速把我的东西整理好装进手提箱,”那个女孩说。

4.“你为什么要挑选你的日记和过去的信?”她的父亲问她。

5. 母亲问她穿那么多衣服是否很热。

6. 玛戈特问她在大衣里面还藏有别的什么。

7. 安妮问她的父亲他们什么时候可以回家。

8. 父亲问安妮她为什么同那个男孩谈了那么多。

【参考答案】

1. Anne said that she didn’t know the address of her new home

2. Anne said to (told) her father that she had got tired of looking at nature through dirty curtains and dusty windows.

3. The girl said that she needed o pack up her things in the suitcase very quickly.

4. Her father asked her why she chose her diary and old letters.

5. Mother asked her, “Are you very hot with so many clothes on?”

6. Margot asked her, “What else have you hidden under your overcoat?” / Margot asked her, “What else did you hide under your overcoat?”

7. “When will we go back home?” Anne asked her father.

8. “Why have you talked so much to that boy?” Anne’s father asked her. / “Why did you talk so much to that boy?” Anne’s father asked her.

 

 3  Pair work. One of you will be a child and the other the grandmother. The grandmother is listening to a weather report with her grandchild. Try to use indirect speech in your dialogue.

Beijing

rain

(下雨的图)

16—24

Shanghai

cloudy

(阴天的图)

23—28

Guangzhou

sunny

(天晴的图)

26—33

Chongqing

foggy

(有雾的图)

22—30

Changchun

overcast

(多云的图)

12—22

GM: What’s the weather in Beijing tomorrow? I can’t hear the man clearly on the TV.

GC: That’s all right, I can help. The man said…

GM: What did he say about Shanghai?

GC: …

 3  两人一组活动。其中一个扮装小孩,另一个扮装祖母。祖母正在与孙子一起听天气预报。尽量在对话中使用间接引语。

北京

下雨

(下雨的图)

16—24

上海

阴天

(阴天的图)

23—28

广州

天晴

(天晴的图)

26—33

重庆

有雾

(有雾的图)

22—30

长春

多云

(多云的图)

12—22

祖母:明天北京天气如何?我听不清电视上那个人讲的话。

孙子:没关系,我可以帮您。这个人说……

祖母:他说上海是什么天气呀?

孙子:……

【参考答案】

GM: What’s the weather like in Beijing tomorrow? I can’t hear the man clearly on the TV.

GC: That’s all right, I can help. The man said it would be raining and that the temperature would be from 16 to 24.

GM: What did he say about Shanghai?

GC: The man said that it would be cloudy and that the temperature would be from 23 to 28.

GM: And what about Guangzhou?

GC: The man said that it would be sunny in Guangzhou and that the temperature would be from 26 to 33.

GM: And what did the man say about Chongqing?

GC: He said that the weather would be foggy and that the temperature would be from 22 to 30.

GM: How about Changchun?

GC: The man said that the weather in Changchun would be overcast and that the temperature would be from 12 to 22.

提醒:

1. 注意 的读法,如 26 读作 twenty-six degrees centigrade

2. 在间接引语中,当主句动词后跟有两个用 that 引导的宾语从句时,前面一个宾语从句的引导词 that 可以省略,但第后面一个宾语从句的引导语 that 不能省略。

 

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