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备考语法填题纯动词考点的三点注意
文章作者:陈根花    文章来源:高考英语网    点击数:   更新时间:2015-01-12
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备考语法填题纯动词考点的三点注意

 

动词是高考英语语法考查的重点,它不仅包括时态、语态、非谓语形式、情态动词等,而且还包括动词用法、动词的派生用法、短语动词等。由于时态、语态、非谓语形式等考点本刊已有相关专题进行了归纳,本文拟就纯动词用法,同时结合最新的语法填空考查规律,为同学们归纳以下三点注意:

 

一、注意动词的派生用法

动词的派生用法是高考英语语法填空的一个重要考点,主要包括以下两个方面:

一是动词派生出名词,如succeedsuccess, inventinvention, enjoyenjoyment, decidedecision, failfailure, appearappearance, diedeath, discussdiscussion, discoverdiscovery, weighweight, acceptacceptance等。

二是动词派生出形容词,如differdifferent, enjoyenjoyable, eateatable, drinkdrinkable, imagineimaginative, impressimpressive, dependdependent, differdifferent等。(注:同时还要注意形容词的相应副词形式的用法)

1. Over the years I’ve come to realize how much of my success I owe to my ______ (accept) of those words as one of my values.

2. I was given the opportunity to move up through the company into ______ (differ) positions.

答案及解析:

1. acceptance。根据空格前的物主代词my以及空格后的介词短语可知,空格处应填名词形式。

2. different。根据空格后的名词 positions 可知,空格处应填形容词形式。

 

二、注意特定语境中动词的用法与搭配

根据特定的语境和上下文来考查动词的用法与搭配是高考英语语法填空的一个重要点,它主要涉及三个方面:一是所填之空的上下文语境,二是所填之空的前后搭配(尤其是与后面相关词语的搭配),三是所填之词的正确形式(需根据句子时态以及某些固定搭配的语法要求来确定)。

1. A notice was put up in order to _______ the students of the changed lecture time.

2. Come in and _______ yourself at home while I finish cooking the dinner.

答案与解析:

1. remind。根据句意以及句中的介词of可知,此题涉及remind sb of sth句式。

2. makemake oneself at home固定搭配,意思是“不要拘束”。

 

三、注意短语动词的辨析与用法

短语动词是高考英语语法填空的一个常考考点,命题通常有两个命题角度:一是给出短语动词的小品词,要求填出动词;二是给出短语动词的动词,要求填出小品词。

1. How could you _______ down such a fantastic job when you have been out of work for months?

2. Joining the firm as a clerk, he got rapid promotion, and _______ up as a manager.

答案与解析:

1. turnturn down固定搭配,意思是“拒绝”。

2. endedend up 固定搭配,意思是“结束”“告终”。

 

【强化训练】

1. No fewer than six bank _________ (rob) were reported within the space of a few hours.

2. Women, in general, tend to be more concerned than men about their personal _________ (appear).

3. If you want to lose _________ (weigh), you should reduce your intake of fat and alcohol.

4. We are happy to see most of the damage has now been _________ (succeed) repaired.

5. I had great difficulty finding the _________ (suit) food on the menu in that restaurant.

6. Whether I go to university or not is _________ (depend) on what exam grades I get.

7. It _________ us quite a long time to get to the amusement park. It was a three-hour journey.

8. I’m amazed to hear from my school teacher again. _________ it or not, it is ten years since we met last.(www.nmet168.com)

9. Is this your necklace, Mary? I came _________ it when I was cleaning the bathroom this morning. (www.yygrammar.com)

10. It’s surprising that your brother picked _________ Russian so quickly—he hasn’t lived there very long.

【参考答案】1. robberies  2. appearance  3. weight  4. successfully  5. suitable  6. dependent  7. took  8. Believe  9. across  10. up

 

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