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语法填空题考查-ing分词的五个命题切入点
文章作者:陈根花    文章来源:高考英语网    点击数:   更新时间:2015-01-12
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语法填空题考查-ing分词的五个命题切入点

 

■本站特约作者  陈根花

 

一、考查介词后的动词用-ing分词

根据英语语法,介词后接动词作宾语时,用作宾语的动词原则上要用动名词。

【典例】One morning, I was waiting at the bus stop, worried about ________ (be) late for school.2014年课标II卷)

【分析】由于是用于介词about后作宾语,故用动名词形式being

【快训】阅读下面句子,用括号内单词的正确形式填。

1. She rested for two weeks after ________ (be) in the hospital.

2. I’m against ________ (do) anything till the police arrive.

3. The only way to tell if you like something is by ________ (try) it.

4. The skill of ________ (speak) a foreign language takes time to acquire.

5. He stood in the door for several minutes before ________ (decide) whether he’d stay.

【答案】1. being  2. doing  3. trying  4. speaking  5. deciding

二、考查习惯上后接-ing分词作宾语的动词

有些动词后接另一动词作宾语时,作宾语的动词习惯上要用动名词,不能用不定式,比较典型的有admit, advise, allow, appreciate, avoid, consider, delay, dislike, enjoy, escape, finish, forbid, give up, imagine, keep, mind, miss, permit, practice, suggest等。

【典例】Still, the boy kept _______ (ride). He was carrying something over his shoulder and shouting.2014年课标II卷)

【分析】动词keep后接动词作宾语时,作宾语的动词习惯上要用动名词,故填riding

【快训】阅读下面句子,用括号内单词的正确形式填。

1. The teacher keeps ________ (tell) his students that the future belongs to the well-educated.

2. They shouldn’t allow ________ (park) here; the street is too narrow.

3. Her illness is just an excuse to avoid ________ (see) him.

4. It is one thing to enjoy ________ (listen) to good music, but it is quite another to play it well yourself.

5. I hate to ask you this, but would you mind ________ (give) me a lift home?

【答案】1. telling  2. parking  3. seeing  4. listening  5. giving

三、考查具有形容词性质的-ed分词与-ing分词的区别

有些动词的-ed分词和-ing分词具有形容词的性质,但由于它们用法区别很大,且同学们在使用时常常用混,所以它也是语法填空的考查点之一。

【典例】While there are ________ (amaze) stories of instant transformation, for most of us the changes are gradual and require a lot of effort and work, like cleaning up a polluted river. Just be patient.2014年新课标I卷)

【分析】由于是用以说明stories的性质或特征,故要用-ing分词,即填amazing

1. This is a very ________ (interest) book. I’ll buy it, however much it may cost.

2. I don’t think this film is by far the most ________ (bore). I have seen worse.

3. I don’t really like the author, but I have to admit his books are very ________ (excite).

4. The ________ (shock) news made me realize what terrible problems we would face.

5. With no one to turn to in such a ________ (frighten) situation, she felt very helpless.

【答案】1. interesting  2. boring  3. exciting  4. shocking  5. frightening

四、考查-ing分词派生名词的用法

由动词派出来的-ing分词有时可以名词化,变成名词——这也是高考英语语法填空的考点之一。

【典例】One of my father’s favorite ________ (say) as I was growing up was “Try it!” 2014年考纲样卷)

【分析】由于所填之词前面有所有格和形容词的修饰,说明此词具有名词性质,故考虑填saying;再根据句首的one of…可知,此处的saying应用复数形式sayings

【快训】阅读下面句子,用括号内单词的正确形式填。

1. We’ll reach the sales targets in a month which we set at the ________ (begin) of the year.

2. If you want to find the ________ (mean) of the word, look it up in a dictionary.

3. Jenny nearly missed the flight as a result of doing too much ________ (shop).

4. When you finish reading this book, you will have a better ________ (understand) of life.

5. A number of high ________ (build) have arisen where there was nothing a year ago but ruins.

【答案】1. beginning  2. meaning  3. shopping  4. understanding  5. buildings

五、考查-ing分词派生副词的用法

具有形容词性质的-ing分词,原则上不能修饰形容词、副词或动词,遇此情况应考虑将具有形容词性质的-ing分词变成副词,即在其后加上副词后缀-ly

【典例】When we were wondering what to do, the manager came out. She was ________ (surprise) helpful.2014年广东卷)

【典例】helpful为形容词,故其前应由副词来修饰,所以做本题,先要将surprise变成具有形容词性质的-ing分析,然后再在其后添加副词后缀-ly,即答案为surprisingly

【快训】阅读下面句子,用括号内单词的正确形式填。

1. With online shopping ________ (increase) popular, the Internet is seen as an efficient way of reaching target customers.

2. One of his charms was his ability to talk ________ (amuse) on any topic.(www.yygrammar.com)

3. The World Wide Web is sometimes ________ (joke) called the World Wide Wait because it can be very slow.

4. John’s aunt died suddenly and left him a ________ (surprise) large sum. (www.nmet168.com)

5. The report argues ________ (convince) that economic help should be given to these countries.

【答案】1. increasingly  2. amusingly  3. jokingly  4. surprisingly  4. convincingly

 

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