英语语法网 英语词汇网 高考英语网 中考英语网
精心组稿 精巧编排 精彩纷呈 全心打造英语第一品牌!
加入收藏
网站地图
购点说明
首    页 | 高考新闻 | 高考听力 | 高考口语 | 词汇用法 | 词语辨析 | 考纲词汇 | 高考语法 | 单项填空 | 完形填空 | 阅读理解 | 短文改错 | 书面表达 | 读写任务 | 语法填空 | 信息匹配 | 阅读填空 | 阅读简答 | 单词拼写 | 完成句子 | 对话填空 | 任务型阅读 | 惯用法 | 备考方略 | 高考陷阱 | 模拟题库 | 真题汇编 | 文化背景 | 英语百科 | 趣味英语 | 双语阅读 | 外语院校 | 综合资料 | 真题详解 | 下载中心 | VIP 通道 | 会员之家 | 名师家教 | 猜题押题 |
您现在的位置: 首页 >> 高考英语 >> 短文改错 >>
高考英语考点类析•母语干扰
文章作者:Greencar…    文章来源:高考英语网    点击数:   更新时间:2011-10-30
        ★★★ 【字体:
说明:引用此文请注明出处,并务请保留后面的有效链接地址,谢谢!

高考英语考点类析·母语干扰

 

很多同学习惯用汉语思维,对平时学过的英语表达方法与英语句式结构、句型和习语不能正确使用,而是造出一些汉语式英语句子,如:“我英语学习不好。”误为:“I study English not well.”“不要在阳光下看书。” 误为“Don’t see the book under the sun.”“他乘飞机去上海。”误为“He by plane to Shanghai.”这都是受汉语思维影响而出现的错误,不符合英语句法结构。汉语负迁移引起的错误主要有:

一、“缺头少腿”类

1. 缺少主语

误:But was already 4 o’clock.

正:But it was already 4 o’clock.

误:Yesterday planted a lot of trees.

正:Yesterday a lot of trees were planted.

点拔:除祈使句外,一般情况下,句子都要有主语。

2. 缺少谓语

误:The new playground in front of the school now.

正:The new playground is in front of the school now.

误:I often by bike to school.

正:I often ride a bike to school. / I often go to school by bike.

误:Mr. Li ill. Who will instead of him?

正:Mr. Li is ill. Who will be instead of him?

点拔:任何一个完整的句子必须有动词谓语。

3. 缺少宾语

误:He seated on the grass.

正:He seated himself on the grass.

 

二、“画蛇添足”类

1. 语义重复

误:He returned back yesterday.

正:He returned yesterday.

误:His English is very wonderful.

正:His English is wonderful.

2. 谓语重叠

误:There were a lot of people died in the fire.

正:There were a lot of people who died in the fire.

误:He got up, hurried to the school.

正:He got up and hurried to the school.

点拔:一个句子一般只能使用一个动词作谓语。

3. 多用宾语

误:He dressed his clothes quickly.

正:He dressed quickly.

4. 多用介词

误:We must serve for the people heart and soul.

正:We must serve the people heart and soul.

误:When we entered into the room, the meeting had already begun.

正:When we entered the room, the meeting had already begun.

 

[1] [2] [3] 下一页

引用地址:
文章录入:admin    责任编辑:admin 
  • 上一篇文章:
  • 下一篇文章:


  • 相关文章推荐:
    发表评论】【加入收藏】【告诉好友】【打印此文】【关闭窗口
    网友评论:(只显示最新10条。评论内容只代表网友观点,与本站立场无关!)